A Bronze Age barrow cemetery and a medieval enclosure at Orchardfield, East Linton, East Lothian

Author(s):  Magnus Kirby

Contributor(s): Sue Anderson, Ann Clarke, Michael Cressey, Clare Ellis, Mhairi Hastie and Melanie Johnson

Illustrator(s): Graeme Carruthers and Shelly Werner

Summary: Three ring-ditches, interpreted as a Bronze Age barrow cemetery, and a large ditched enclosure of likely medieval date were excavated at East Linton in advance of residential development. Cremation burials
were recovered from all three of the ring-ditches, from their upper ditch fills and from a central pit in one of the ring-ditches. Also mixed into the fills were sherds of pottery, a few lithics, and two stone grinders/rubbers. A large pit close to one of the ring-ditches, which may have been used to dispose of the residue ash from one or more funeral pyres, was also excavated and provides an insight into the wider ritual activity taking place on or near the site. To the east of the barrow cemetery, a meandering length of ditch is considered to be medieval in date and probably forms an enclosure. Radiocarbon determinations produced Middle Bronze Age dates for samples of cremated human bone, with charred grain producing Iron Age and medieval dates. 

Keyword(s): ring ditch, barrow cemetery, pottery sherd, lithic implement, stone polisher, organic material

Location(s): Orchardfield, East Linton, East Lothian, Scotland, UK

Period(s): Bronze Age, medieval

Permissions: Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivatives licence.

Published: 29-11-2018

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