The Society has been active in publication since the late 18th century. Its first volumes of the transactions of the Society were published under the title Archaeologia Scotica, between 1792 and 1890.

Archaeologia Scotica: Transactions of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland has ceased publication and is continued by the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. The full digitised archive of the Archaeologia Scotica remains available here.