Fluid identities, shifting sands: Early Bronze Age burials at Cnip Headland, Isle of Lewis.

Olivia Lelong (Author)

Derek Hamilton (Contributor)

Angela L Lamb (Contributor)

Dawn McLaren (Contributor)

Ingrid Shearer (Contributor)

Jane Evans (Contributor)

Brendan J Keely (Contributor)

Tom Booth (Contributor)

Maureen Kilpatrick (Contributor)

Susanna Kirk (Contributor)

Marion O'Neil (Contributor)

Alison Sheridan (Contributor)

Susan Ramsay (Contributor)

Burial Cairn, Animal Tooth, Burial, Awl, Bead
Na h-Eileanan an Iar; Kneep; Scotland; Cnip Headland; Outer Hebrides; Isle of Lewis; Lewis and Harris. NGR: 109980,936560
Early Bronze Age


Excavations in 2009 and 2010 on Cnip Headland, Isle of Lewis investigated three different burials in shallow pits and on a kerbed mound, containing the inhumed remains of at least nine individuals in both articulated and disarticulated states. Bone histology analysis indicates that the bodies of all but one (a stillborn infant) were allowed to decay and become partly or wholly skeletonised before being buried at this spot. Worn jet beads, a copper-alloy awl and pieces of boar tusk and marine ivory accompanied some of the remains. The burials lay around a cairn, which previous excavations have shown was built in the 3rd millennium bc and then rebuilt twice, with both cremated and unburnt human remains incorporated in it. Another inhumation burial in a stone-lined pit close to the cairn was excavated in the 1990s. Bayesian analysis indicates that the cairn’s first reconstruction and the placing of human remains around it took place over a period of up to 150 years between 1770 and 1620 bc. The headland’s long use for rites involving human remains illuminates relationships between living communities and their lineages in Early Bronze Age north-west Scotland. The work was carried out for Historic Environment Scotland under the Human Remains Call-off Contract.


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How to Cite
Lelong, Olivia, Derek Hamilton, Angela L Lamb, Dawn McLaren, Ingrid Shearer, Jane Evans, Brendan J Keely, Tom Booth, Maureen Kilpatrick, Susanna Kirk, Marion O’Neil, Alison Sheridan, and Susan Ramsay. 2018. “Fluid Identities, Shifting Sands: Early Bronze Age Burials at Cnip Headland, Isle of Lewis.”. Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports 75 (January). https://doi.org/10.9750/issn.2056-7421.2018.75.