Carronbridge, Dumfries and Galloway: the excavation of Bronze Age cremations, Iron Age settlements and a Roman camp
Cremated Bone, Settlements, Postholes, Cremation Burials, Camp, Pit, Copper Alloy, Sunken Features, Enclosure, Road Radiocarbon Dates, Subrectangular Enclosure, Glass, Temporary Camp, Trumpet Brooch, Charcoal, Pottery, Charred Plant Remains, Iron, Charred Barley, Camp Cropmarks, Brooch Sword, Ditch
Carronbridge; Dumfries and Galloway; Scotland; UK
Roman, Bronze Age, Iron Age
Cropmarks of a square, double-ditched Iron Age/Romano-British enclosure, a Roman temporary camp and another sub-rectangular enclosure were excavated in advance of road building. All the monuments were plough damaged. The square enclosure had three main enclosure phases. It contained six intersecting circular buildings, one of which was surrounded by a large ditch and three large sunken features with complex, charcoal-rich fills. A cobbled surface (probably a Roman road) crossed its south-east corner. Radiocarbon dates from the enclosure ranged from 145 BC to AD 415; earlier activity was dated to between 1285 and 230 BC. A brooch, sword, and sickle, deposited probably in the ninth or tenth century AD, were found within the enclosure. The primary fill of the Roman camp ditch was redeposited turf. A group of internal post-holes was rich in charred barley and wheat. The third and earliest enclosure was defended by a ditch and palisade; the temporary camp re-used part of its ditch. An oven found within the third enclosure was probably associated with the temporary camp. Three cremation burials were found north of the square enclosure. Two were contained in collared urns, which were found in small cists. The third was in a pit, and unaccompanied. The excavation was arranged and funded by Historic Scotland.