A Roman oven at Mumrills, Falkirk. With Appendix. - Slag from the Oven

Anne Robertson (Author)

J Smythe (Author)


Keyword(s):
Forts, Oven, Furnace, Wood
Period(s):
Roman, 1941

Abstract


The oven was fully exposed and recorded in 1941. Analysis of the clay indicated that it had not been subjected to a very high temperature, comparable, for example, with that required for smelting iron or firing bricks. The oven could only have been used for baking. A piece of slag-like material found in a layer of burned clay inside the oven was identified as furnace-clinker formed by the burning of coal indicative of a fairly high temperature though not so high as in a smelting furnace. This does not prove that coal was used at Mumrills; all the evidence points to the use of wood as fuel. In its general plan and in the way in which it was worked, the Mumrills\r\noven resembled the circular baking-ovens commonly used in Roman forts.

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Published
30-11-1942
How to Cite
Robertson, A., & Smythe, J. (1942). A Roman oven at Mumrills, Falkirk. With Appendix. - Slag from the Oven. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 76, 119-127. Retrieved from http://journals.socantscot.org/index.php/psas/article/view/8176
Section
Articles